acceptor RNA

noun
RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)
Syn: ↑transfer RNA, ↑tRNA, ↑soluble RNA
Hypernyms: ↑ribonucleic acid, ↑RNA

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RNA polymerase — RNAP from T. aquaticus pictured during elongation. Portions of the enzyme were made transparent so as to make the path of RNA and DNA more clear. The magnesium ion (yellow) is located at the enzyme active site. RNA polymerase (RNAP or RNApol) is… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA — For other uses, see RNA (disambiguation). A hairpin loop from a pre mRNA. Highlighted are the nucleobases (green) and the ribose phosphate backbone (blue). Ribonucleic acid (English pronunciation: /raɪbɵ.njuːˌkleɪ.ɨk ˈæsɪd/), or RNA, is one of… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA splicing — In molecular biology and genetics, splicing is a modification of an RNA after transcription, in which introns are removed and exons are joined. This is needed for the typical eukaryotic messenger RNA before it can be used to produce a correct… …   Wikipedia

  • soluble RNA — noun RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell… …   Useful english dictionary

  • transfer RNA — noun RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Transfer RNA — The interaction of tRNA and mRNA in protein synthesis tRNA Identifiers Symbol tRNA …   Wikipedia

  • ribonucleic acid — A macromolecule consisting of ribonucleoside residues connected by phosphate from the 3′ hydroxyl of one to the 5′ hydroxyl of the next nucleoside. RNA is found in all cells, in both nuclei and cytoplasm and in particulate and nonparticulate form …   Medical dictionary

  • tRNA — abbr. transfer RNA. * * * noun RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • актепторный стебель — acceptor branch актепторный стебель . Элемент вторичной структуры молекулы транспортной РНК <transfer RNA>, к концу которого непосредственно присоединяется аминокислота: А. с. состоит из 7 пар оснований и заканчивается 3 неспаренными… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • metabolism — /meuh tab euh liz euhm/, n. 1. Biol., Physiol. the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its material substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available. Cf. anabolism, catabolism …   Universalium

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